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Tuesday, March 30, 2021

Anesthesia Side Effects After Dogs Dental Cleaning

A dog may get adverse reactions in the wake of general anesthesia that is used to ease a dental cleaning process. This article completely discusses the pros and cons of giving anesthesia to pets during teeth scaling or cleansing.

A canine needs to be unconscious when taking teeth washing service. General anesthesia is used for this purpose. Anesthesia (lack of feeling, sensation, or pain) makes dental cleaning easy for dogs and veterinarians.

Before I start to tell you the moderate to severe (fatal) side effects of anesthesia in dogs, I want to clarify its three major types.

Anesthesia (extracted from a Greek word, means "lack of sensation") has three types;
  • Local Anesthesia is used to numb a localized (or special) part of a body (i.e. tooth, finger, or eye, etc). In this condition, the patient remains awake (and conscious) during the operation.
  • General Anesthesia is used to senseless the whole body and makes a patient sleep for a calculated time period. Anesthetic gases and intravenous (I.V) fluids (medications) are used for this purpose.
  • Regional Anesthesia commonly used to numb a large (regional) part of a body, for example, abdominal area, leg, arm, or chest area, etc. During this period, the patient remains (partially) conscious.
General anesthesia most commonly used for dental cleaning in dogs. In this condition, a canine completely remains unconscious (slept) and can't feel pain, or perceive. Anesthesiologists do their job very carefully because a little mistake (that could be an overdose of anesthetic agents) may cause a dog to keep sleep forever.



A dog may feel some common effects in return for having a healthy smile. They include;

  • Drowsiness (that would disappear within few hours)
  • Lack of Appetite (a dog may feel a decrease in appetite that would also overgo within few hours)
  • Laziness (the lack of energy, activeness, and sleepiness are some common effects of general anesthesia in pets)
  • Vomiting & Nausea (if a dog is vomiting after a dental cleaning, you should consult a veterinarian immediately because it can be a sign of a very fatal condition. Dogs stomach should be empty prior to a dental work that has anesthesia, because if a dog has food in the stomach and after the dental work dog vomits there are strong possibilities of aspiration, food may enter in the lungs and cause aspiration pneumonia and other complications.)
  • Decrease in Hearing (a dog may feel sleepy and can neglect your commands because of anesthetic effects for a short period of time following a dental cleaning. You must take care of your friend during that time because it may fell down and get some kind of injury (head injury, nose injury, etc)
A pet may also face the following unwanted consequences in the wake of general anesthesia.

Anaphylaxis or Anaphylactic Shock

Anaphylactic shock could create a life-threatening situation (allergic reaction) for a pet in the wake of anesthesia. Although, it's a very rare side effect of general anesthesia in dogs. However, 10 dogs out of one million (1,000,000) may get this kind of reaction.

A pet may face anaphylactic shock in response to anesthesia that may cause severe (chronic) swelling (inflammation) on a dog's body part, especially on the skin or on the site where the I.V anesthesia was given.

According to their genetic makeup, all dogs are different from each other and they respond differently to a specific drug. So, a drug that is approved to treat a specific problem in dogs, could show side effects in few dogs (who have allergic to its components).

Therefore, most of the I.V drugs are given AFTER TEST DOSE (ATS). A veterinarian injects a small quantity of intravenous drug (anesthesia) and waits for some seconds to see the body's response. If the body doesn't respond as swelling or inflammation, that means the injected drug has been tolerated.


It is defined as the prolonged state of the unconscious in which an organism remains alive (can breathe) but cannot perceive. Large doses of intravenous anesthetic agents or sedative gases may damage the reticular activating system (in the brain) that controls the awareness.

This is a rare side effect of general anesthesia in dogs. But it happens because of extra-high doses of anesthetic agents (drugs).

If a dog is suffering from heart disease, kidneys problem, liver damage, blood disease, anemia, dehydration problem, etc prior to the general anesthesia, then the chances of developing severe kidney damage, heart or cardiac problems, impact liver functioning, visual disorders, hearing problems, allergies, or even death risks are high.

A blood and urine test prior to performing a dental cleaning process in dogs can help to minimize the side effects of general anesthesia.

In most cases, pets don't get harmful effects after a dental cleaning. But in rare cases, anaphylaxis shock may occur that could be fatal and life-threatening for the pets. Immediately call your pet's veterinarian if you observe any allergic reactions after dental scaling (i.e. swelling, vomiting, anorexia, or diarrhea, etc) in your pets.

Thursday, March 25, 2021

Top 05 Nutritious Soft Foods For Dogs After Teeth Cleaning

If your dog has undergone a dental cleaning and you're worried about picking up nutritious soft diets for your pet, then you're at the right place. Because in this article, I am going to share five nutritious and delicious soft food recipes for your pet.

In canines, maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial to avoid dental plaque, bacterial accumulation, periodontal diseases, and tooth loss, etc. In this scenario, professional teeth cleaning (by the veterinarian) helps to alleviate the chances of teeth complications in pets.


Do Dogs Need To Eat Soft Foods After Dental Cleaning?

A dental cleaning can make your pet's teeth sensitive to hot, cold, spicy, rough (dry), hard, and citrus foods for a few hours.

So, it's always suggested that you should give your pet soft (easy to swallow and digest) foods in the wake of dental cleaning because it helps to avoid teeth damage.

List Of Five Soft Foods For Dogs After Dental Cleaning

A pet can eat just after the teeth scaling but the things you must remember are to avoid dry, rough, spicy, & harsh nutritious substances.

Below are some healthy nutritious substances that dogs may eat just after (or one hour later) a dental cleaning process.

#1. Chicken & Rice

This recipe is going to be very helpful because you have nothing to waste. First, you have to buy boneless chicken from the market. Add some water to the kettle and boil the chicken in it. Within 15-30 minutes, the chicken boils. Now you can shred the chicken into pieces and serve it plain.

You can boil rice in the chicken broth. It's a very tasty recipe for dogs. Boiled rice in chicken broth is the dog's favorite dish.

In the end, you have three soft foods to serve to a dog.

The number one is boiled (nutritious) chicken which contains all the healthy ingredients that a dog needs in maintaining healthy activities.

Second: You can serf chicken broth to a dog. It's also healthy and yummy.

Third: Boiled rice (in chicken broth) is another nutritive diet for pets.

#2. Canned Pumpkin

Dogs can eat canned pumpkins after the dental cleaning. It's low in calories. Its high fiber feature helps the dogs to regulate a digestive system.

#3. Bone Broth

To make a bone broth, simmer meaty joints and bones in water. It's a highly nutritious liquid diet that can be a big source of quality protein, minerals, vitamins, and fatty acids. Dogs love it.

#4. Boiled Fish

Black Cod, Halibut, Brill, or Haddock, etc are some major types of boneless fish that can be a delicious soft diet for your pet after a dental cleaning.

Fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, high quality amino acids (the building blocks of protein), and vitamins. They help to provide instant energy and relieve weakness.

However, dogs can eat both boiled or cooked fish. Only spicy, hard, extra dry, hot, and cold foods can cause complications after a dental cleaning in dogs. Otherwise, a dog may eat anything he finds delicious and tempting.

#5. Animal Liver (Pork or Cow)

Beef, pork, cow, and, lamb's liver is a mouth-watering feast for dogs. This is nutritious and contains healthy ingredients that include protein, vitamins (A & B), iron, and healthy fats, etc.

You can simply boil animal liver in a kettle for 30 minutes or unless it cooks perfectly. Now you can surf simmered liver to your pet. The liver broth is a byproduct in the process of boiling liver for dogs. In liquid diets, it's a very healthy banquet for dogs.

How Long Should A Dog Eat Soft Foods Following A Dental Cleaning?

Although, dogs are not bound to eat soft or liquid foods in the wake of a dental scaling process. However, giving soft and liquid but nutritive diets to dogs following a teeth cleaning is good. This is because a teeth cleaning may cause a dog's teeth more sensitive (for a short period of time). Therefore, spicy, warm, cold, difficult to chew, and hard foods can make the situation worse.

If a dog has undergone a simple dental cleaning process, it's suggested to give him soft foods at least for 2-3 days after the teeth cleansing. It would definitely help to avoid complications i.e. teeth sensitivity, or dental nerve damage, etc.

Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Is It Normal For Dogs To COUGH After Teeth Cleaning

Coughing in pets after a dental cleansing is not a normal condition. This article explains in detail that why your pet is coughing after the dental visit? as well as it gives you some easy home-care tips to remedy cough in dogs.

Dental cleaning is important for pets because it helps to remove dental plaque and tartar from your pet's teeth. It aids to maintain good oral hygiene and protects the dog's teeth from a broad range of bacterial infections that involve periodontal diseases, gingivitis (inflammation and swelling of gums), or the tooth cavity.

But on the other hand, this may give some unwanted consequences and adverse reactions (i.e. allergic cough) for a few ones. Some dogs may feel adverse reactions after getting professional teeth cleaning service from the veterinarian.

Professional teeth cleaning is an adorable treat for a dog from its owner. A vet may charge from $300 to more than $3000 fee for the procedure.


Root Causes Behind Coughing In Dogs After Teeth Cleansing and Scaling

The dental cleansing process in dogs is done alongside Anesthesia, intravenous (I.V) fluids, intubation, and apparatus like scaler, etc.


It help's to maintain normal breathing circuits in canines which may affect because of anesthesia. Intubation may also be the root cause of coughing in pets after the dental cleaning.

Intubation is the process of inserting synthetic silicon (sterile) tube into the tracheal tube (inhalation pipe) of a dog (through the mouth) to provide oxygen during the teeth washing procedure.

Intubation helps a dog to breathe during anesthesia time. But it may also cause some unusual risks like;

  • Tracheal tube damage (the synthetic (flexible) silicon tube is placed for hours in the tracheal tube that may be a cause of tracheal tube injury in short cases)
  • Vocal cord injury (during the insertion)
  • Chest tissues injury
  • Bacterial infection (it's a severe condition because bacterial infectious diseases include kennel cough, pneumonia, etc)


Coughing in dogs may because of anesthesia. Veterinarians use different kinds of anesthetic agents to calm down a dog during the teeth washing procedure.

The anesthetic agent used during the procedure may cause various kinds of side effects if the dog is allergic to any of its (anesthetic agent) components.

Allergic cough in dogs must be gone on its own within a few days (1-2 days maximum). But if the cough persists that may be a sign of more fatal conditions i.e. kennel cough (a bacterial infection) or pneumonia (in very rare cases), and tracheal tube injury, etc.

In allergic cough, the veterinarians suggest anti-allergy medications i.e. Benadryl (diphenhydramine), etc.

Diphenhydramine is the active ingredient that helps to block the allergy symptoms like flue, sneezing, itching, rashes, and Cough. It's FDA approved drug that can be used to treat all types of allergic cough in dogs (under the supervision of a veterinarian).

The Use Of Non-Steril or Poor Quality Apparatus

As a dog owner, you always try to give your best to provides a good healthy smile to your pet. Therefore, you must be careful about the dental apparatuses to make sure that they are well sterilized and clean.

Although, it's an exceptional case because almost all veterinarians understand the importance of sterilizing their tools before a dental procedure.

If the dental apparatus is contaminated, your pet is going to get some life-threatening diseases, indeed.

A bacterial or viral infection in dogs may cause severe coughing. If your pet is facing breathing problems, chest pain, swelling (on any part of the skin), rashes, itching, or any adverse reaction after visiting a vet clinic (for the purpose of dental cleaning) you must re-visit the vet and consult your pet situation.

What DO Vets Suggest For Coughing In Dogs?

If your dog is coughing after a dental visit you must call the veterinarian as soon as possible (to avoid further complications) and consult about your pet's condition.

A veterinarian may suggest antibiotics for your pet's cough. Simplicef (contains Cefpodoxime proxetil), Clavamox (Amoxicillin trihydrate and Clavulanate potassium), Baytril (Enrofloxacin), or Azithromycin (in rare cases), are some examples of veterinary antibacterial drugs.

Those (all) antibiotics are FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved veterinary drugs that safely treat a broad range of bacterial infections that cause soft-tissue infections, sore throat, chest infection, upper and lower respiratory tracts infection, UTIs, and others.

In allergic cough, veterinarians prescribe antihistamine (anti-allergy) medications for dogs. These anti-allergy medications include Benadryl (diphenhydramine), pheniramine, etc. 

These veterinary anti-allergy drugs efficiently remedy allergic cough in dogs along with other symptoms that involve a runny nose, flu, difficulty in breathing, itching, inflammation or swelling on the body, rashes, and allergic sinusitis (inflammation of sinus).

Saturday, March 20, 2021

Why Is Dog Teeth Cleaning So Expensive And Sky High

Probably you're a pet owner and want to provide professional teeth cleaning service to your dog. This is a very nice approach to provide a healthy smile to your dog.

But at the same time, you're worried because of the sky-high rates of dogs' dental cleaning procedures. Its cost may between $300 to more than $4000 depending upon the condition of your pet's oral health.

So, in the following short but informative article, I decided to discuss some important factors (reasons) that make a pet's oral hygiene service so pricey.


Factors Behinds High Rates Of Dog's Dental Cleaning

Maintaining a dog's good oral hygiene is necessary but it's a high-priced service. Plaque and tartar removing from dogs teeth in a veterinarian clinic are not as simple as you think. 

Dental scaling (removing stuck dental plaque with the help of a "scaler", a tool with sharp needles on both ends) needs expert hands (of an experienced veterinarian). 

Otherwise, your pet may face some serious complications i.e. bacterial infections, gum injuries,  or even die if the amount of anesthesia is higher than the actual need.

It's suggested that always try to provide the best service you can afford. Below are some common factors that may drive the price of a normal dog's teeth cleaning procedure to the top.

#1. X-Rays

There are some factors that play an important role in increasing the price of the procedure. For example, a vet may require an oral X-ray prior to the procedure that helps to examine (and see) whether your pet has any dental disease, tooth cavity, periodontal disease, and infection or not.

#2. Anesthesia

Anesthesia and intubation (a process of inserting a synthetic tracheal tube in the trachea through the mouth for the purpose of inhalation during anesthesia) is another reason behind the high cost of the treatment.

I.V (intravenous) fluids are used to keep a dog's temperature normal during the procedure. A dog may lose its body heat because of anesthesia so the I.V fluids help to keep the kidneys and heart functioning normally.

#3. Insurance Plan

There are little to no companies that are offering a dental cleaning plan along with dental accidents and illness for your pet. They don't help in routine checkups. Also, they don't help dogs that are suffering from illness prior to purchasing their insurance plans.

So, it makes it high-priced when you try to give your dog professional teeth cleaning service without insurance.

If you can find a dental insurance plan for your pet that includes routine checkups and dental cleaning. Then it would definitely help you to save a lot of money.

#4. Region & Country

The rates of removing tartar and plaque from dog teeth may differ. In the U.S (United States of America), Canada, United Kingdom (UK), the rates of dental services are higher than in the Philippines, Mexico, or any other third world country like India, Sri Lanka, or Pakistan.

You will see a magnificent difference in the rates within the different parts of one country. So we can say that the comparison of locations matters when we compare the prices of a dog's dental cleaning service.

But if the rates (prices) of removing dental plaque, tooth extraction, or tooth filling (a cavity) are higher in the US, UK, or Canada, then keep in mind that they are also providing much better services to their clients.

#5. Dental Diseases

Sometimes, you don't know that your dog is suffering from dental problems. A routine checkup & dental cleaning helps to diagnose a tooth disease (if your dog has any). A radiograph or X-ray helps to diagnose whether a pet has periodontal (gums) disease, gingivitis, tooth cavity, and root canal, etc.

If your dog's teeth are healthy and no complications are found. Then a routine cleaning (with hydrogen peroxide) may cost you as little as from $300 to $700.

But on the other hand, if a dog has any dental complications. For example, in a tooth cavity or gingivitis, the treatment cost may definitely rise.

Friday, March 19, 2021

Antibiotics For Dogs After Teeth Cleaning - Dental Scaling

If you're a pet owner, then you must be aware of the importance of maintaining the good oral hygiene of your pets. Brushing your dog's teeth twice a day is good practice. In the market, many kinds of (effective) toothpaste are available that are specifically formulated to use for domestic canines.

An extra-soft child toothbrush or the toothbrush (that is specially formulated for dogs) can be used for cleaning dogs' teeth at home. Dogs enjoy teeth brushing (in most cases), as it helps them to avoid dental problems and severe complications like gingivitis (inflammation of gums) or periodontal disease (gums disease), accumulation of plaque and tartar on their teeth, tooth infection, etc.


The reason behinds the dog's oral infectious diseases is the presence of bacteria (in the mouth). Food particles (e.g; meat particles) may be stuck in their teeth and cause a bacterial infection to develop due to poor oral hygiene (if you don't brush your dog's teeth on daily basis or three times a week at least).

What Is Dental Cleaning In Dogs?

Professional dental cleaning or teeth scaling for dogs is a process of removing accumulated layers of dental plaque (on dogs' teeth) through dental apparatus (scaler) or by a dentist.

Although, it's an expensive way to provide the best oral hygiene. But it helps to increase their teeth' life.

Do Dogs Need Antibiotics After Teeth Cleaning?

It's good to question that belongs to the dental cleaning of dogs. Antibacterial drugs can surely help to avoid germs infection and other dental diseases where the bacteria is the main suspect (culprit).

During the teeth cleaning (scaling) procedure in dogs, a sharp needle (i.e. scaler: a dental apparatus used to clean teeth) is used to clean/remove the dental plaque, bacterial coated layers, and teeth abscesses.

In very rare cases of a dog's dental scaling (the process of cleaning teeth abscesses and plaque with a tool that is called "scaler") may leave a tiny bad impact on gums. That may cause swelling and inflammation of the gums (a bacterial dental infection).

Nevertheless, in these cases, swelling (on the gums) and pain after the dental scaling of a dog may occur. That may take a few days (i.e. for 3 to 5 days, depends upon the condition) to heal.

In this case, if a dog's gums are swollen and hurting (a little bit), broad-spectrum veterinary (FDA-approved) antibiotic drugs can help to avoid further complications (as these restrict the overgrowth of bacteria and increase the healing process).

Antibiotics in combination with NSAIDs (like carprofen) can help to reduce swelling, minimize the risk of complicated infection (antibiotics fight against bacteria and restrict their over-population that can damage the body organs by entering the bloodstream).

A veterinarian may better decide whether it is useful to prescribe antibiotics (prescription drugs) to dogs after dental cleaning or not (by observing the oral condition i.e. either gums are damaged during the dental scaling or not).

Warning: An unnecessary use of antibiotics in dogs can cause antibiotic resistance that can be fatal and life-threatening for them. Using anti-bacterial drugs under the supervision of your dog's veterinarian can help to reduce risks of bacterial infections (that can delay the healing process).

It all depends on the dental cleaning process because if your pet gums are damaged (or very little hurt) you're bound to give an antibiotic shot (I.V Injection/Infusion) or oral antibiotic (course) to your pet.

Make sure you're dog's dentist is using clean and sterile (germ-free) apparatus while brushing and scaling your pet teeth.

Thursday, March 18, 2021

Do Antibiotics Cause Constipation In Dogs?

Today, a vast range of veterinary drugs are available in the market that is effective against a huge range of infectious diseases of canines, felines, and other animals as well. Anti-Biotics are prescription drugs that restrict the growth of bacteria and kill them.

In this piece of article, I decided to talk about the relation between the usage of antibacterial drugs and constipation. "Do antibiotics cause Constipation in dogs", I find this question important to answer.

Yes! it's possible. Antibiotics may cause constipation in dogs. It's one of the most commonly occurring side effects of using those veterinary medications.


Side Effects Of Antibiotics On A Dog's Digestive System

Antibacterial medicines may kill the good bacteria (commensals bacteria) of the digestive system that may fluctuate and imbalance healthy gut flora in the canines.

Some dogs may experience mild to severe stomach problems including;
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Gas/Flatulence/Bloating
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  • Constipation (in rare cases)
  • Indigestion
It's always suggested to give an antibiotic dose to a pet on a full stomach. It helps to decrease the risk of upset stomachs in dogs. A dog's body must be hydrated while taking antibiotic medication.

Probiotics For Dogs After Antibiotic Medication

As I said before, antibiotics can kill the good digestive bacteria that help in indigestion and upset a dog's stomach. In that scenario, probiotics (after antibiotic medication) help canines to rebuild a healthy gut flora.

There are many good brands are available in the market, offline or online drug stores. You can get any good one for your pet. This will definitely help your pet if he had been undergoing antibiotic treatment recently.

How To Relief Constipation In Dogs?

In constipation, a dog's stool becomes hard enough that makes it so difficult to defecate. The good thing is that you don't need to get panic because here in this piece of the article, I showed up some natural remedies and (safe) laxative drugs that instantly relieve constipation in dogs.


An adequate amount of goat or cow milk can surely relieve constipation in dogs. Milk is a natural dietary laxative for canines. It helps to overcome dehydration, as well as its laxative properties, helps to treat constipation when given in an adequate (small) amount.

2. Pet-Enema

Enema's that contains dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate and glycerin is very helpful in relieving constipation in dogs (on an urgent basis). It helps in softening the stool and makes stool easy to defecate from the body.

Enema is given through the rectal tube. First, you can lubricate the enema bottle with petroleum jelly and then insert it (one inch) through the anus of the dog (towers rectal tube). You can repeat the same procedure after 12 to 24 hours if needed.

3. Extra-Label Drug: Bisacodyl 5MG (Dulcolex)

Bisacodyl is a famous and most effective human laxative drug. Due to its high efficacy in relieving constipation, many veterinarians suggest it as an off-label (not yet approved by the FDA to use in pets) to ease dog's chronic constipation.

Although, it's a safe medicine and can be used in dogs. Avoid the use of (extra-label laxative drug) bisacodyl in small puppies.

The suggested dose of bisacodyl for a dog should below or equal to 0.5mg/lb. That's mean a 10-pound dog may take 5mg bisacodyl tablet once a day.

Overdose of bisacodyl in dogs may result in high toxicity and fatal for their lives. Always consult a veterinarian before giving any kind of prescription drugs to your loved ones (pets).

4. Extra-Label Drug: Sodium Picosulphate Drops

Another off-label drug called "sodium picosulphate", a human laxative drug can also help to relieve constipation in dogs when taken as a small amount dose.

Sodium picosulphate stimulates the mucosa in the large intestines that helps to increase intestinal motility.

Add a few drops of sodium picosulphate drops (3-5 droplets) in milk or water and give it to your dog and see the magical results.

Always follow precautionary measurements when giving off-label human drugs to small animals. Because overdose (high doses) can be fatal and life-threatening for them. Overdosage may cause toxicity in the dog's system.

But when used in an adequate amount these extra-label (bisacodyl and sodium picosulphate) provide outstanding results.


The above article gives the answer to the most asked question, "DO ANTIBIOTICS CAUSE CONSTIPATION IN DOGS?". Antibiotics may surely cause stomach problems in some pets including bloating, gas, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and constipation.

The use of probiotics after the antibiotic treatment helps to relieve the common side effects of antibiotic medication. As probiotics help to maintain a good and healthy gut flora in dogs.

Giving milk, pure water (maintaining good hydration), enema, and some extra-label human laxative drugs can treat constipation in dogs on an urgent basis without causing any harm and side effects (when given in small doses).

Strong FDA-Approved Antibiotics For Dogs Ear Infections

The following piece of information explains How antibiotics treat Otitis (inflammation of ears) in dogs?. The ear infection in canines is a vulnerable condition that can affect the sense of hearing as well as pose facial paralysis if left untreated.

There may be more than one cause behind an ear infection of a dog. Allergies, bacteria, viruses, fungi or yeast, all play an important role in developing inflammation of the ears.

A veterinarian may better diagnose the exact cause of infection but the two (bacterial and fungal ear infections) are very common in canines.

Antibiotics are the chemical compositions that are used to treat infections caused by bacteria (single: bacterium). Bacteria are micro-organisms that found everywhere, inside a living body (e.g; commensals bacteria) and outside in the environment (soil, air, water, etc).

Commensals bacteria inside a dog's body remain suppressed by the immune system (body's defense system against foreign subjects). They don't harm the body but helps in different metabolic functions. For example, commensals bacteria found in the digestive system of a dog helps in digestion and to maintain healthy gut flora.

If a body's immune system gets suppressed because of any reason i.e. allergens, medicines, steroids, viruses, etc these commensals bacteria may over-grow, and their over-replication and over-reproduction can result in developing a bacteria infection.


Antibiotics For Dogs Ear Infection

Yes! antibiotics help to treat bacterial infections (infectious diseases caused by bacteria) in animals.

Warning: Antibiotic drugs fight against bacteria and stop their over-growth. They don't treat viral or yeast (fungal) infections in dogs. The misuse of antibiotics may cause antibiotic-resistance that is harmful and life-threatening.

Oral FDA-Approved Veterinary Antibiotics For Dogs

1. Enrofloxacin

It's a food and drug administration (FDA) approved generic formula that treats all kinds of soft tissue infections caused by bacteria. Enrofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolones group of antibiotics and it's most effective against a broad range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

Baytril tablets contain enrofloxacin is a trademark of Bayer Corporation. It is available in three different strengths, i.e. 22.7mg, 68mg, and 136mg.

The ideal dosage of enrofloxacin for a dog should be from 5mg/kg (minimum) to 20mg/kg (maximum), depending upon the severity of the infection.

It means the actual dose of Baytril tablets for a 20lb (09kg) dog's ear infection must be between 45mg to 180mg per day.

Enrofloxacin is a broad-spectrum quinolone that can easily treat a vast range of bacterial infections including ear infections, urinary tract (bladder, kidneys, ureters, etc) infections, wounds, respiratory tract infections, in dogs, cats, and other small animals.

2. Cefpodoxime Proxetil

It's a third-generation cephalosporin (a group of antibiotic drugs) that is used to treat infectious diseases caused by bacteria. Simplicef is the trademark of Zoetis pharma, contains cefpodoxime proxetil, available in oral tablets and liquid suspension forms.

Fda has approved cefpodoxime proxetil (generic) to use in animals including canines and felines.

The film-coated tablets of cefpodoxime proxetil are available in two different strengths, i.e. 100mg and 200mg.

The ideal dosage of Simplicef for dogs is 2.3mg to 4.5mg per pound or 5mg to 10mg per kilogram.

This means the ideal dose of cefpodoxime proxetil (antibiotic) for a 20lb or 09kg dog should be between 46mg to 90mg.

3. Marbofloxacin

It is one of the best fluoroquinolone veterinary antibiotic drugs (for dogs) that remedy all kinds of skin infections (caused by bacteria) in canines and other small animals.

Zeniquin 25mg tablets (by Zoetis pharma, a subsidiary of Pfizer pharmaceuticals) contain "marbofloxacin" generic drug.

The recommended dose of marbofloxacin (Zeniquin tablets) for a dog's ear (bacterial) infection is 1.25/lb (minimum) to 2.5mg/lb (maximum). That's mean the ideal dose of marbofloxacin veterinary antibiotic drug for a 20 pounds dog should between 25mg per day (minimum) to 50mg per day (maximum).

Overdose of marbofloxacin in canines may cause some serious complications like diarrhea, upset stomach (i.e. gas, bloating, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, etc), skin rashes, and others not described here.

Always consult a veterinarian before giving any kind of prescription medicines to your pets.

4. Amoxicillin & Clavulanate Potassium Compound

It is the best example of a beta-lactam antibiotic drug that treats a broad range of bacterial infections in dogs, cats, other small animals, and humans (also).

Clavamox chewable tablets and liquid suspension contain "amoxicillin and clavulanic acid" that help to treat a broad range of bacterial diseases including dog's urinary tract infections, all kinds of soft tissue infections, wounds, abscesses, otitis externa, otitis media, and otitis interna, etc.

This is an FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved veterinary antibacterial drug. Also, it's safe to use in small animals including puppies (it's available in liquid oral suspension form).

Clavamox tablets comes in four different strengths i.e. 62mg, 125mg, 250mg, and 375mg. Liquid 15ml oral suspension provides 62.5mg in each 01ml after reconstitution (in water).

The recommended dose of amoxicillin trihydrate and clavulanate potassium (CLAVAMOX) for ear (bacterial) infections in dogs is 6.25mg per pound. That's mean for a 20lb dog (suffering from an ear infection) the ideal dose of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid should be 125mg per day. You can also give 125mg/day doses in two divided doses like 62.5mg in the morning and 62.5mg in the evening.

Like all prescription drugs, this veterinary-approved medicine should also be consumed with the great supervision of a veterinarian to avoid complications and side effects.

5. Cephalexin

Another strong antibacterial FDA-approved veterinary medicine for dog otitis (inflammation and swelling of the ears).

This generic belongs to the first generation of cephalosporin (class of antibiotic drugs) and treats broad-spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria by disrupting the process of bacterial cell wall synthesis.

This stops (restricts) the over-population (uncontrolled growth) of bacterial cells and helps to get rid of an infectious disease caused by a broad range of bacteria.

Rilexine chewable tabs (highly acceptable flavored tablets) contain the generic formulation "cephalexin".

These highly palatable chewable tablets come in four different potencies 75mg, 150mg, 300mg, and 600mg.

The recommended dose of Cephalexin in dogs is 10mg/lb (minimum) to 20mg/lb (maximum) or 22mg/kg to 44mg/kg. That's mean for a 20lb dog's ears infection the suggested dose should between 200mg/day (minimum) to 400mg/day (maximum).

A veterinarian may decide the ideal dose of cephalexin for an ear (bacterial) infection of a dog after diagnosing the severity and intensity of infection (the exact condition).

Antibiotic Ear Drops For Dogs

I told you in the above section of this article that a dog may get an ear infection because of bacteria (in most cases), viruses, allergies, poor hygiene, and fungal or yeast, etc.


Antibiotics don't treat viral or fungal (yeast) infections. Viruses cause secondary bacterial infections in a dog's body by suppressing the body's immune system. The unusual and over-growth of commensals bacteria may develop a bacterial infection in any part of the body.

In the case of viruses generated by bacterial infections, antibiotics don't work against viruses but help to treat secondary bacterial infections.

FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved anti-bacterial medicines are suggested to treat these kinds of secondary bacterial infections (caused by viruses, the primary cause).

Marbofloxacin, amoxicillin trihydrate/clavulanate potassium, cefpodoxime proxetil, and enrofloxacin are some common examples of FDA-approved veterinary drugs.

Fungal or Yeast

Anti-bacterial drugs don't work against dog's fungal/yeast ear infections. If the primary cause of a dog's ear infection is fungi then you must need an anti-fungal medication for your pet.

So, don't be panic because here I am going to share with you, the best antibacterial+antifungal_antiallergic veterinary-approved drops "Marbodex Aural E/D 10ML" that will help your pet to get rid of ears problem.

Marbodex Aural Ear Drops For Dogs

Marbodex contains the following ingredients;

Antibiotic drug: Marbofloxacin

Anti-fungal: Clotrimazole

Anti-allergic drug: Dexamethasone

It's the best combination of antibacterial/antifungal and antiallergic medicines to treat all kinds of infectious diseases of dogs' ears. Just put two drops of Marbodex ear drops in a dog infected ear thrice a day and see magical results.

Betamethasone/Neomycin Ear Drops

It's the best example of off-label or extra-label antibacterial and antiallergic ear drops that can be used to treat a dog's ear bacterial infection (caused by allergies). Allergies in dogs may surely cause ear (bacterial) infections that can be fatal and disturbing.

Pus may discharge through a dog's infected ear and your best friend (pet) may feel the throbbing pain (sensation).

Betamethasone (a steroid) restricts the allergic symptoms i.e. irritation and scabies, etc. Neomycin is a famous antibiotic salt that effectively treats a broad range of bacterial infections including ears infection in dogs.

Injectable Antibiotics For Dog's Ear Infection

Cefovecin Sodium Injection

In most severe conditions, veterinarians prefer to use injectable antibiotic drugs in the seek of getting fast and reliable results.

Cefovecin sodium comes in the market by the name of "Convenia". This generic (cefovecin sodium) formulation effectively treats all kinds of moderate to severe bacterial infections in animals including canines (dogs family), felines (cats family), and all other small animals and pets.

Your dog's vet may decide whether it's preferable to use a convenia injection for the dog's ear infection or not. 

So, be careful and always consult a veterinarian before getting any kind of prescription medication for your pets.

Antibiotics must be taken after or with food to minimize stomach problems. Giving medicines to a pet on an empty stomach can easily upset the stomach.

I hope you all find it beneficial to read this informative article, feel free to share it on your social profiles to help other pet owners. Comment if you have any related questions in your mind.

Thursday, March 11, 2021

Does ASPIRIN Reduce Fever In Dogs? SAFE NSAID For Pets

In the following piece of article, I am going to share with you a secret pill (probably available in your medicine box) that can easily treat fever in canines, especially in dogs. Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid is an NSAID (Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory drug) used to remedy pain, fever, inflammation, or swelling and blood-clotting in both humans and animals.

It's not an FDA (Food and Drug Administration) drug to use in animals but veterinarians suggest baby aspirin (low doses) as an off-label drug for animals.  


Aspirin For Fever In Dogs

Acetylsalicylic acid helps to lower high-grade temperature (that is above 39.16 degrees Celsius or 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit), in canines. It's a simple and inexpensive way to get rid of high-grade fever. You can surely use this (ASPIRIN) over-the-counter drug for your dog. 


This is the most important section of this article because you must be aware of the right dosage of aspirin for your pet that can help to decrease temperature.

You can give 10mg/kg to 20mg/kg acetylsalicylic acid to a dog twice daily (two times a day) that is suffering from fever. It means the right dose of aspirin for a 5KG dog should be between 50mg (minimum) to 100mg (maximum).

Dosage Form

Acetylsalicylic acid tablets are available in dispersible and enteric-coated forms. Human aspirin is available in 325mg and 300mg strengths. However, baby aspirin (81mg and 75mg) tablets, one-fourth of aspirin strength 325mg and 300mg, is a more suitable dosing form to consume for dogs. 

The dispersible form of aspirin is the more reliable and preferable way to administer the dose. But in some dogs, the dispersible tablets can upset the dog's stomach easily. So in that case enteric-coated tablets can help to avoid stomach problems.

How To Administer Aspirin In Dogs?

As said before, this drug comes in two different dosing forms i.e, dispersible and enteric-coated tablets. 

In the case of Dispersible tablets, select the right dosage amount (tablet) and dissolve it in a few drops of water (5ml to 15ml). You can also use a disposable syringe (after removing the needle) to administer the dose (if you find it crucial and easy). 

On the other hand, the enteric-coated baby aspirin (81mg) tablet must be taken orally without breaking the tablet. It makes it hard to select the right dosage amount as you can't cut or piece the enteric-coated tablet. Because by cutting the enteric-coated aspirin, the coated layer would be damaged and the tablet will no longer remain enteric-coated.

Always give aspirin to your pet on a full stomach. It's the best way to avoid some common side effects of any administered drug on the stomach. 


If your dog is allergic to NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like carprofen (RIMADYL), ibuprofen, naproxen, and celecoxib, etc there is a strong possibility of getting adverse reactions. 

Overall, it's a safe drug that can be used to treat pain, fever, and swelling in dogs. The thing you must follow is the Right Dosage Plan Of Aspirin For A Dog.

Overdose of acetylsalicylic acid can be toxic for a dog's body and may also cause death in small animals including cats, rats, etc.

Aspirin For Pregnant Or Nursing Dog

This drug also acts as a blood thinner. Acetylsalicylic acid is not suitable for pregnant or lactating/feeding dogs. It's suggested to avoid ASPIRIN in child-bearing canines and felines.  

Side Effects Of Aspirin In Dogs

I have already said that Acetylsalicylic acid is not a veterinary-approved NSAID drug. But due to its efficacy and good feedback veterinarians suggest it (in small amounts) to treat high temperature (fever), pain and aches, inflammation, and blood clotting, etc.

However, this drug may show up some side effects or unpleasant consequences in a few ones. The most common side effects of using aspirin in dogs are the following;

  • Digestive System Problems including gas, bloating, diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite or anorexia, nausea, abdominal cramps and pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, etc.
  • Aspirin is an anti-clotting drug and a blood thinner. Prolong or unsupervised use may result in severe bleeding.
  • In patients with a history of liver disease or kidney disease, this drug must be used with great care because it may worsen liver and kidney problems

Aspirin HALF-LIFE In Dog's Body

The term "half-life" means the time at which half the amount of administered dose would be excreted through the urine. Acetylsalicylic acid has a half-life of 2-3 hours (when taken in small doses i.e. below 100mg).

It means if a dog has administered 100mg of aspirin, the actual amount of drug after 2-3 hours would become 50mg. Then in the next 2-3 hours, the dose amount would become 25mg and so on.


Aspirin (C9H8O4) or acetylsalicylic acid is an NSAID (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) that is used to treat fever (moderate to high-level temperature), pain, and blood clotting in humans and animals. 

This over-the-counter pain-relieving medication can be used in canines and felines but with extra care as it's not an FDA-approved drug for small animals. Its overdose may cause fatal consequences and severe side effects. Acetylsalicylic acid toxicity can be life-threatening.

Sunday, February 21, 2021

Can Dogs Be ALLERGIC To BEEF? | Beef Allergy In Canines

Here I come up with a new topic i.e. "beef allergy in canines". So, in the following piece of article, I would try to cover all the related topics that may arise in your mind regarded to food allergies in dogs.

Yes! a dog may surely be allergic to beef (cow meat: a protein-rich food). However, the numbers of cases of meat allergy in dogs are rare.

Carnivores are build to eat and digest meat very smoothly. Dogs are the best example of domestic carnivores that love to swallow all types of meat i.e. beef, pork, mutton, fish, chicken, etc.

All Dogs like other carnivores possess incredible tools to break down and digest high protein (protein-rich) diets in their system. An adult dog has 42 teeth including twelve incisors (six on the top and six on the bottom), four canines (two on the top and two on the bottom), sixteen premolars (eight on top and eight on the bottom), and 10 molars (four on the top but six on the bottom).


A strong jaw with 42 well-developed teeth makes it greatly easy to chew rough diets like bones, raw meat, and beef for all canines.

How Beef Causes Food Allergy In Dogs?

Before I start to explain how beef causes allergies in dogs? you must be aware of;

How Dogs Digest Food?

A dog's digestive system consists of the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, and intestines (small and large).

Food (beef) enters through the mouth (oral cavity) where sharp teeth and saliva (that contain enzymes) break it down into small pieces. The esophagus is a long pipe that connects the stomach to the oral cavity. Esophageal motility, the contraction, and relaxation movement of the esophagus propel food that comes from the oral cavity to the stomach.

Then the dog's stomach starts producing acids (hydrochloric acid), the liver produces protease (and other digestive) enzymes that help in protein digestion. The saliva in the stomach works as a lubricant that protects the stomach lining from acids and protease enzymes and restricts these enzymes from damaging the stomach lining.

Beef is a big source of healthy nutrients for pets. However, It could also be a common food allergen for some dog breeds.

Causes Of Beef Allergy In Dogs

Canines love to eat meat and their bodies are made to digest protein-rich foods very well. But meat could also be a problem for some dog breeds because it may cause severe skin allergies, dermatitis (inflammation of the skin), and upset stomach, etc.

The main reason behind beef allergy in dogs is unknown. Cow meat contains all types of essential and non-essential amino acids (building blocks of protein molecules), fat, and other healthy ingredients. A dog's body may be allergic to any of its (beef) components.

Essential amino acids are those that a dog's body cannot produce itself, and canines get these amino acids from outsources (food) while the non-essential amino acids are those that a dog's body can produce itself and they don't need to get them from the outsourcing.

Examples of essential amino acids are lysine, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan, valine, histidine and phenylalanine, etc.


When a dog's immune system encounters an unrecognized foreign substance that may be food (component) or something else like medicine, etc.

The immune system assumes that is a threat or invader for the body. So the immune system alerts the body by activating the histamine receptors that cause (allergies) inflammation or swelling, itching, shortness of breath, and abdominal problems like diarrhea, etc.

If a dog's body is allergic to beef (protein-rich food), your best friend may face the following symptoms in the body;

  • Itching or irritating skin
  • Diarrhea
  • Upset stomach (gas, bloating, etc)
  • Abdominal pain
  • Hives
  • Bald spots on the body
  • Continuously licking the paws
  • Shortness of breath
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Abdominal cramps and pain
  • Loss of appetite (anorexia)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dry mouth
  • Irritation in ears and eyes

Most of the allergic signs relate to the skin while others upset the stomach. You must know the difference between the terms "food allergy" and "food intolerance".

Food Allergy

When a body's immune system response against an un-recognized foreign substance (food) by producing certain types of hormones that cause skin allergies, dermatitis, inflammation on the face of dogs, hives, irritation on paws, face, ears, and eyes, etc. It's defined as a food allergy.

Food Intolerance

If a pet's digestive system becomes unable to digest certain types of food or any food ingredient, like fails to digest certain types of protein (present in beef) may cause food intolerance in dogs.

In food intolerance, the body's immune system does not involve. It happens because there are no specific enzymes present in the digestive system (stomach) that can metabolite the beef. So it becomes hard for the body to digest and this condition (food intolerance) usually causes the stomach issues like diarrhea, abdominal pain, gas, bloating, etc.


A veterinarian may better diagnose whether a dog is suffering from a beef allergy or beef intolerance.



How Can We Treat Beef Allergy In Dogs?. It's an important question to answer as food allergies in dogs may be fatal and dangerous for their lives (if left untreated).

Medicines like antibiotics, corticosteroids, steroids, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), probiotics and, supplements are used to remedy secondary infections caused by allergies.

For swelling and inflammation of the jaws, ears, nose, paws, eyes, or any other parts of the body, a veterinarian may suggest steroids like Prednisolone, Dexamethasone, or Betamethasone for a pet (in a restricted dose).

Antibiotics are used to treat secondary bacterial infections caused by allergens in the body. Due to itching, dogs scratch their body parts and build a bacterial infection. For skin infections in dogs (caused by beef allergy), Cefpodoxime proxetil, Amoxicillin and Clavulanate potassium, doxycycline, are suggested.

All antibiotics and steroids are prescription drugs. It means that are not available without a registered doctor, physician, or veterinarian prescription. Always consult a doctor before taking any kind of medication.

NSAIDs reduce pain, fever, and swelling. Generic: Carprofen is an example of FDA approved drug.

The drugs like antibiotics can disturb the healthy gut flora (digestive system) in dogs. Probiotics help to maintain a healthy gut flora as well as strengthen the immune system.

Exclusion Diet

A dog's body may be allergic to a specific food (like beef) or a special group of foods (like dairy products).

An exclusion diet plan helps to determine the exact triggers that cause food allergies in dogs. Foods that cause allergies should be excluded from a dog's diet. This is the only and best way to avoid allergic symptoms in pets.

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