If your dog has diagnosed with parvovirus or wanted to know about How Convenia Treats Parvovirus in dogs and cats?
Then absolutely you’re at the right place. Because in the following article, I would explain all the myths about using antibiotic injection (Convenia by Pfizer Pharmaceuticals Company) is well known, a life-threatening viral infection of dogs i.e, Parvovirus.
- 1 What is Parvo in Dogs?
- 2 Does CONVENIA (Cefovecin Sodium) Injection Really Treats Parvo in Dogs?
- 3 Composition of Convenia Antibiotic Injection for Dogs
- 4 Why Veterinarian Prescribe Convenia in Parvovirus for Dogs?
- 5 Convenia Dosage for Dogs with Parvo
- 6 Understanding Convenia Injection for Pets
- 7 Some More Facts about Parvovirus in Dogs
- 8 Injectable Antibiotics for Dogs
What is Parvo in Dogs?
Parvo in dogs, commonly referred to as “canine parvovirus” (CPV), is a highly contagious viral disease that can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
The virus mainly affects puppies between the ages of six weeks and six months, although older dogs can be affected as well, especially if they are not vaccinated or their immunity has waned.
Here’s a breakdown of the key aspects of canine parvovirus:
- Symptoms: Signs of CPV infection can include:
- Severe diarrhea (often bloody)
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Transmission: The virus is spread primarily through direct contact with an infected dog or through indirect contact with contaminated feces, environments, or objects. It’s resilient and can survive in the environment for months under certain conditions.
- Diagnosis: A clinical diagnosis is often based on the symptoms, but definitive diagnosis typically requires specific tests, such as an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for parvovirus antigens in the dog’s feces.
- Treatment: There is no cure for the parvovirus itself. Treatment focuses on supportive care to help the dog’s body combat the virus. This can include:
- Intravenous fluid therapy to counteract dehydration
- Anti-nausea and anti-diarrheal medications
- Antibiotics to prevent or treat secondary bacterial infections
- Immune system boosters
- Prevention: Vaccination is the most effective means of prevention. Puppies typically receive a series of parvovirus vaccines starting at 6-8 weeks of age and continuing every 3-4 weeks until they are at least 16 weeks old. Booster vaccines are then given at regular intervals throughout a dog’s life.
- Prognosis: With prompt and aggressive treatment, many dogs can recover from parvovirus. However, without treatment, the disease can be fatal. The survival rate with treatment can be 68-92%, but this varies based on several factors including the age of the dog, the strain of the virus, and how quickly treatment is initiated.
- Contaminated Environments: Because the virus is so resilient, environments contaminated with parvovirus can remain infectious for a long time. It’s essential to thoroughly clean and disinfect areas where infected dogs have been to prevent the spread of the disease.
Owners should always consult with a veterinarian if they suspect their dog might have parvovirus. The sooner it’s diagnosed and treated, the better the chances of recovery.
Does CONVENIA (Cefovecin Sodium) Injection Really Treats Parvo in Dogs?
CONVENIA (cefovecin sodium) is an injectable antibiotic that is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections in dogs, including skin infections, urinary tract infections, and respiratory infections. It is not effective against viral infections, such as parvovirus infection (also known as parvo).
Parvo is a highly contagious viral disease that affects dogs and puppies. It is caused by the parvovirus, which attacks the intestinal lining and immune system of infected dogs. Symptoms of parvo include vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and lethargy.
The disease can be severe and can be fatal, especially in young puppies and immunocompromised dogs.
Important: CONVENIA is NOT Treating the Parvo Virus in Dogs!
CONVENIA is not a recommended treatment for parvo, as it will not be effective against the virus.
Instead, treatment for parvo typically involves supportive care, such as IV fluids to prevent dehydration, medications to control vomiting and diarrhea, and nutrition support.
In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary. If your dog is showing signs of parvo, it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible for proper treatment.
Convenia is the trademark of Pfizer Pharmaceuticals (Pvt) Limited. It is the first and only injectable antibiotic drug that is approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in the United States of America.
Zoetis Pharmaceuticals is a subsidiary of Pfizer pharmaceuticals Private Limited. Zoetis is well known for his work in providing the best medicines for animals.
Composition of Convenia Antibiotic Injection for Dogs
Convenia contains an active ingredient Cefovecin Sodium, a highly effective, broad-spectrum cephalosporin (class of antibiotic drugs), which treats a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
Cefovecin is specially formulated to treat the skin infections caused by Staphylococcus intermedius and Streptococcus canis in canines.
It also treats a variety of other infectious diseases of the skin, urinary tract, respiratory tract, ear, nose, eyes, nails, and mouth in the canines and felines.
Let’s get back to the primary question, How Convenia treats Parvo?. Basically, Convenia does not treat parvovirus.
Cefovecin is a strong antibiotic preparation, a single time subcutaneous injection, used to treat just bacteria infections in animals, especially in pets. It does not kill a virus or treat a viral infection, or infections caused by parasites or molds in the body.
Why Veterinarian Prescribe Convenia in Parvovirus for Dogs?
Antibiotics do not use to directly kill viruses, but they may use to treat secondary infection caused by the virus in the body.
Parvovirus is more likely to attack the digestive area of the body. It wreaks havoc the crypt cells of the intestine, where the present bacteria may enter into the bloodstream and cause more serious, life-threatening problems like septicemia.
So, a veterinarian suggests antibiotic treatment, more often an antibiotic to treat any secondary infection caused by a virus in the body. Cefovecin Sodium injection is more likely suggested because the oral antibiotic treatment does not give better results. It may due to poor antibiotic absorption in the gastrointestinal tract or less acceptance by the dog.
Convenia Dosage for Dogs with Parvo
This antibiotic veterinary drug reconstituted in 10ml sterilized water. It should be refrigerated in between 2-8 degrees centigrade temperature after reconstituted and may be used for 56 days after reconstitution.
After reconstituted 10ml vial contains 800mg cefovecin sodium. So, the 01 ml solution contains 80mg cefovecin. The recommended dose of cefovecin sodium for canines is 3.6mg/lb or 8mg/kg.
So, for a 10lb dog 0.45ml cefovecin sodium is the ideal dose after reconstitution. Your Vet may determine the exact amount of dose after diagnosing the severity of the infection and observing the condition.
Convenia Dosage for Dogs with Parvo
|Preparation||Reconstituted in 10ml sterilized water|
|Storage Conditions||Refrigerated between 2-8°C|
|Usage Duration After Mixing||Up to 56 days after reconstitution|
|Total Cefovecin in 10ml Vial||800mg|
|Cefovecin per 1ml||80mg|
|Recommended Dosage (Canines)||3.6mg/lb or 8mg/kg|
|Dose for 10lb Dog||0.45ml cefovecin sodium|
|Adjustments||Dosage may vary based on vet’s assessment and dog’s condition|
Please note: Always consult with a veterinarian before administering any medication to ensure the safety and well-being of your pet.
Understanding Convenia Injection for Pets
If you’re considering the Convenia injection for your pet, here’s a breakdown to make things clearer:
- What is it? Convenia is an injectable antibiotic that vets use to treat certain infections in pets.
- How is it administered? The injection is given subcutaneously, which means it’s administered just below the skin and above the muscles.
- How often? One great thing about Convenia is that a single dose lasts for quite a while. After the initial injection, there’s no need for a follow-up dose within the first 14 days.
- Age considerations: It’s important to note that Convenia isn’t suitable for all pets. Specifically, puppies younger than 4 months shouldn’t receive this injection.
- Not suitable for puppies under 4 months.
- Administered subcutaneously.
- A single dose is effective for at least 14 days, so no need for a second shot during that period.
Always consult with your vet to ensure the best care for your furry friend!
Some More Facts about Parvovirus in Dogs
- Parvo is a highly contagious virus that may spread through one dog to another by their feces.
- It causes serious gastrointestinal problems, like diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, and discomfort, etc.
- If left untreated, within a few hours (24-48 hours) it may cause the death of any canine or feline.
- It is a viral infection, the virus completes its cycle in the body and there is no specific medicine for Parvo in dogs.
- Veterinarian uses intravenous fluids like intravenous nutritional fluids (which contains an adequate amount of protein, carbohydrates, and fats) to maintain healthy blood sugar level, intravenous electrolyte fluids (to balance sodium and other salts level in the body), sometimes subcutaneous antibiotic injection like CONVENIA (Cefovecin sodium).
Injectable Antibiotics for Dogs
Injectable antibiotics for dogs are medications that are administered via injection, usually intramuscular (into a muscle) or subcutaneous (under the skin), to treat bacterial infections. The type of antibiotic chosen depends on the type and location of the infection, the specific bacteria involved, and the dog’s overall health.
Some commonly used injectable antibiotics for dogs include:
- Cefovecin (Convenia): A cephalosporin antibiotic used for skin infections, urinary tract infections, and other types of bacterial infections.
- Penicillin G: Often used for infections caused by gram-positive bacteria.
- Ampicillin: Used for a variety of infections, often combined with other drugs.
- Amikacin: An aminoglycoside antibiotic used for severe infections, particularly those resistant to other drugs.
- Gentamicin: Another aminoglycoside, used for a variety of bacterial infections, but with potential side effects on the kidneys and inner ear.
- Enrofloxacin (Baytril): A fluoroquinolone antibiotic that treats a wide range of bacterial infections.
- Marbofloxacin: Another fluoroquinolone, used for skin, urinary, and respiratory tract infections.
- Metronidazole: Used primarily for anaerobic infections and certain protozoal infections.
- Cefazolin: A cephalosporin antibiotic often used as a prophylactic during surgery.
- Tetracycline: Used for a variety of infections, though resistance can be a concern.
- Doxycycline: Used for respiratory infections, Lyme disease, and other bacterial infections.
It’s essential to note:
- Antibiotics should only be administered under the guidance and prescription of a veterinarian.
- The correct dosage and duration of treatment are crucial to ensure the bacteria are entirely eradicated and to prevent antibiotic resistance.
- Always complete the entire course of antibiotics, even if the dog seems better before the medication is finished.
- Not all bacterial infections require antibiotics; in some cases, supportive care or other treatments may be more appropriate.
- Side effects can occur with antibiotic use, so it’s essential to monitor your dog for any adverse reactions and report them to your vet immediately.